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Autumn 2015, Vol. 23 No. 3

Hong Kong J. Dermatol. Venereol. (2015) 23, 126-128


Paediatric Dermatology Column: Case Report

White sponge naevus: recognition of this disorder is important to differentiate from premalignant oral lesions

白色海綿狀痣:認識此病的重要性為要與癌前口腔病變區分

S Seremet, FS Afsar, H Duran, G Yilmaz, M Ermete

Abstract

White sponge naevus (WSN) is a rarely seen autosomal-dominant disease. It is characterised by white plaques seen on the buccal, gingival and oral mucosae. It has a prevalence of less than 1/200,000. This entity is also known as Cannon's disease, hereditary leucokeratosis of mucosa, white gingivostomatitis or exfoliative leucoedema. Given that WSN is a rare disease, we present a 16-year-old boy with WSN.

白色海綿狀痣是一種罕見的常染色體顯性遺傳性疾病。它的特徵是可見於口腔包括牙齦和頰黏膜的白色斑塊,盛行率少於二十萬分之一。此病的其他名稱包括炮氏病、遺傳性黏膜白斑病、白色皺性齦口炎或剝脫性白色水腫。由於白色海綿狀痣的罕有,我們報告一名十六歲男孩有此病的案例。

Keywords: Autosomal-dominant, oral mucosa, white sponge naevus

關鍵詞: 常染色體顯性、口腔黏膜、白色海綿狀痣