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Current Issue

Summer 2019, Vol. 27 No. 2

Hong Kong J. Dermatol. Venereol. (2019) 27, 69-73


Review Article

Common oral mucosal diseases

常見的口腔粘膜病

FFY Chan

Abstract

Oral mucosal disease can vary from benign to malignant conditions. Of these the most common is aphthous ulceration which can severely affect the quality of life if recurrent. Conditions such as herpes zoster, common warts which we normally associate with the skin can also occur on the oral mucosa. In other cases, drugs may be the cause as the case of gingival hyperplasia due to phenytoin. However, persistent ulceration should be investigated in order to exclude oral malignancy. This paper gives a review of some of the oral conditions than may be encountered.

口腔粘膜疾病包含良性到惡性等不同狀況。其中最常見的是口腔潰瘍,如果反復發作也可以嚴重影響生活質量。其他常見的皮膚問題如帶狀皰疹或尋常疣也可以發生在口腔粘膜上。此外,藥物也是不可忽略的成因之一,例如由苯妥英引起的牙齦增生。另持續性潰瘍亦需小心跟進以排除口腔惡性腫瘤。本文回顧了一些較常遇到的口腔疾病。

Keywords: Aphthous ulcer, Oral cancer, Oral mucosal disease

關鍵詞: 口腔潰瘍、口腔癌、口腔黏膜病